Definition and Occurrence
Typically, an increased Q-angle may result in knee pain and a muscle imbalance due to the quadriceps pulling on the patella. Degeneration of the articular surface of the knee can also occur due to a wearing down effect of the cartilage on the underside of the patella. Finally, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries can also occur because of knee instability and stress.
To prevent Q-angle increases, strengthening exercises that increase knee stability, such as the ACL Injury Prevention Project training program, are recommended. Closed-chain exercises, such as wall squats (performed only to 30 degrees of flexion) are also recommended. Stretching exercises that include the quadriceps, hamstrings, iliotibial band (at the upper femur), and gastrocnemius (at the calf) are helpful. Plyometrics, proprioceptive balancing, hamstring activation, knee and hip flexion exercises are also recommended.
The first step is typically a correction of any degree of over-pronation at the foot this is accomplished by using custom-made orthotics or an insert. An emphasis on correct biomechanics is introduced in the form of a rehab program focusing upon the restoration of flexibility to the muscles of the calves, hamstrings, and quadriceps. Strengthening of the VMO muscle (Vastus Medialis Oblique, one of the four quadriceps muscles) is recommended.
Published by: mvpboxing.com